Integrating Backward Mapping in Evaluating Policy Alternatives

Integrating Backward Mapping in Evaluating Policy Alternatives

For this Discussion, you use backward mapping to reflect and communicate when evaluating policy alternatives. Most policy analysis processes assume a forward mapping frame that focuses on statement of intent and is top-down. Backward mapping, using an implementation focus, engages a design thinking framework that begins at the lowest level of implementation.

Hoppe, R. (2017). Heuristics for practitioners of policy design: Rules-of-thumb for structuring unstructured problems. Public Policy and Administration, 1–25.


To Prepare
Review the Hoppe article and the media regarding backward mapping from the Hubert Project, in this week’s Learning Resources. (you may find this online ie “Hoppe article and the media regarding backward mapping from the Hubert Project”)
In the discussion Forum, review the Presentation #2 video presentations of all groups.
By Day 3
Post your response to the following:

Using a backward mapping frame, post your evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the alternatives in each group’s presentation from Week 9, presented to the targeted decision maker. For this evidence-based critique, focus on positive social change that requires that the decision maker is sufficiently convinced to make the recommended changes.

Wk-9 PPts Groups Presentation #2 Transcript
Group B: County/Province or equivalent decision maker: health/disease outbreak
My name is …. and this is quote based presentation on county Providence outbreak and I walk around with the greatest full of any help outbreak event is ability to communicate and have a community engage salesman with going on all faithful are important protected at the local level is that goes with being leveled up with officials and local government officials with the people that will be responsible to ensure the information and all other stakeholders as well as there is the submitted to other areas and regions that may be a part of the area not so much actual hot for the areas that makes around it so for instance if it’s one city in Maryland ensuring that all the other cities emphasis are aware that they’re actually given to quicker than having that once in city thresholds and hospitals these groups or stakeholders will be responsible to ensure that medical needs of the community are met possible but any medical treatment as well those words are also a very important stakeholder in this person and the other people that are most affected these also other people they would officials is also the hospitals in the hospital because they also say these actual facilities as well citizens also have a rest through the government is protecting them help us in this mess although born education will be responsible for sharing that all information is given out and people aren’t educated was actually going on as well showing that children have a sort of normalcy by showing this education and continue to support version I have no clear to assure that everyone is given correct information of timely manner those media is just not TV news media can be pressed this meeting to be social media will be even right now on the 17th of Sanibel developmental goals which are impacted by the UN or January 1st 2016 sales goals were formulated as a call to action for all countries Super Bowl prosperity or protecting the plant arno poverty their hunger good health and well being quality education gender equality is short available at the saleable management of water and then dictation for all affordable clean energy these things work at this anomic group work growth from service industry innovation infrastructure reduce inequality sustainable cities and communities responsible consumption and production climate action life below water line on land peace justice and strong institutions partnership for goals Thursday they even though each is covered they will enter time for instance our group exactly G3 which speaks on good health and well being however as the G3 could also pick you back on SDG one with no poverty which is a short that management of water is impatient for all then I will turn to mortality with child mortality infectious disease hold the visa traffic sexual and reproductive health universal health coverage environmental health means of defamation for technical control medicines and vaccines honestly workforce emergency preparedness and universal health coverage I feel like these targeted testing breeze which is in such a disease which word 2030 the end of epidemics of aids to be malaria neglected tropical diseases combat hepatitis wanna borne diseases and medical diseases because it was not so special clear on what the outbreak would be this target will be good because this sort of encompassing all sort of committal diseases anything that could sort of be passed through personal person or persons animal or animal to person or even faster person Maxine the support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for both medical and non medical diseases that finally affects developing countries provides access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines and it corners with the Doha declaration on trips and public health which affirms the rights of developing countries to the fullest use of the provisions and agreement of the trade related aspects of intellectual property rights agreement will just trips regarding vulnerabilities to protect public health and in particular with our access and methods for all understanding though that vaccines and medicines to developing countries developed countries such as EU S also has to deal with vaccines as well as the war vaccines thanks for instance it’s over 19 pandemic that was not affected in place to combat the COVID-19 after demik or just like that transmission from personal person so that you word even as the boat as a country are still has to sort of go back and sort of figure out how to get that back out all as well as emerging preparedness stressing that capacity is all countries in particular developing countries for early morning risk reduction in management of national and global health fairs once again even though space of developing countries it was developed countries news would take a step back and adjust how the early warning signs are just very simple for pandemic once again sort of sort of come about in March 2020 and we will go so it will be over however two years later we’re still trying to figure out how to come out of that pandemic successfully list are not applied last at the paragraph so it caps your way of how they address themselves thank you very much.

Group D Eradicate Extreme Poverty: Impacts on Food Insecurity
#2 presenter: I’d like continue from my colleague I will be focusing on substainability goal 2.4 and I will be zooming in on its indicator 2.4 point 52.4 is the hunger and as we zoom in on two point 4.1 which is proportional agricultural area on a productive and sustainable build sustainable agriculture we will be focusing on the indicator with his measures of progress in achieving more productive and sustainable agriculture and the key results of this indicator is to contribute to the development as an economic activity as a source of livelihood as a provider and user of environmental services 2013 agenda suggests that all sectors including agriculture we consider from 3 dimensions of sustainability economic social and environmental more fun which is a form of family in which nearly all of the crops are livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family leaving little if any suburbs for sale or trade so in order for this to be effective they must be from collaboration from stakeholders and in order to do this they must be effective alliances now Food and Agriculture are at the heart of civilization and prosperity and yet agriculture faces multiple challenges our world population expected to grow to 9 billion by 2015 increase enough by more than 100% other challenges include smaller rural labor force soil quality degradation climate change food wastage waterscapes biofuel production and changing lifestyles leading to urbanization and more protein intensive so currently running eight people or eight eight 842 million struggle with hunger every Even so roughly 1 billion people in the world of food insecure we’re gonna look closely now and effective alliances that will allow this STG to be effective one of which is the local governments for sustainability I feeling I and this particular group will strengthen the action of We are looking at in from winter ministries and agricultural divisions and that’s why important for networking and providing resources to local farmers and those wearing households that wanted to the substance farming listen one example of group is one and this group seeks to eradicate poverty and hunger very empowering smallholder farms through freelancing of farming word distribution of seeds training on agricultural techniques and Max facilitation to maximize profits well scientific community one of which is a very much known in the Caribbean is the Caribbean agricultural development Research Institute and this group helps to organize and to specifically search in order to generate and cultural practices specific for our regional local businesses these are any businesses or corporation that desire to have that hand in the local community or local businesses schools and homes to generate good agricultural practices What’s the company major revenue human resource planning programs that will stimulate smaller large scale interest in agriculture agricultural designated areas measurable benchmarks and monitor new strategies investments in agricultural technologies and imagine here is a countries that lack in prosek nology to increase production look at engagement and refrain in strategies across three areas which are the economic social and environmental platform economic engagement strategies are not pay for exhausted continually fuel of the list of economic presence can be added as a culture continues to take shape now under the economic tier you have creating avenues to increase access to productive resources and markets for marginalized groups in society and as well recruiting and training and employment local community members and integrate them trained as the juices distributors and defenders when we go over to the social aspect of engagement these corporations or from inertial level they could be incorporated multifunctionality in farming and multi functionality refers to the different functions that agriculture fields in society functions that go well beyond the production of food and fibers they include for instance a strip of natural landscape and the creation of new job opportunities and enhancement of the rural area attractiveness for tourists and other users of rural service is one of the areas building new cross sectional with social alliances with communities healthcare schools disadvantaged people stakeholders and governments and it spoke about using agriculture with mental health facilities this will help to somewhat stimulate the brain and have persons engaging in normal activities and then we look at the environmental scope and just stay cool as well to have conventional economic and green Peppers and green growth for Food and Agriculture needs such as some of the ways in which the engagement and different strategies can be used no Environmental Protection and provision of ecological services here after this key components of economic long term respective as well as government policy divisions to correct for market failures encourage green technologies and management practices structural changes and changing consumer behavior to facilitate adjustments all sections require monitoring frameworks with specific policies with measures measures program performance in agriculture and sustainability also defining formats made individual allocators threshold frequency and methodology for the preparation of natural views national reviews and reports to show both accountability to do overall cultural development will continue to make new frames in the way society and countries combat hunger however with focus on implementing subsistence framework country societies and families will begin to see improvement in their personal lives while the country improves on the economic social environmental levels thank you
Quality Education and it’s the Target
#3 And I’m doing the 3rd and final segment on our group presentation of food security I’m focusing on sustainable development goals for which focuses on quality education and it’s the target basically states for 4.1 that by 2030 it ensures that all frozen boy is complete free equitable and quality of primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes and I then focus on indicator 4.12 which states that there is a completion rate primary education lower secondary education and upper 73 education so how does education what is the impact of education and through security based on my research I found that there are many correlations between food security and education where there is lack of education that basically undermines productivity and pliability and learning capacity and it leads directly to poverty and hunger upon reflection of the human capital approach education actually increases personal earnings and productivity and economic growth and a national level and rural areas of education improves agricultural productivity and it also leads so alternately food security schools can educate basically kids about agriculture nutrition hygiene and provide basic literacy literacy training all of which could basically then lead to higher standards of living and greater food security so this basically shows the car lation between lack of education and food security as you can see in all the areas of which there’s a stark orange there’s a correlation or there’s bullet a lack of illiteracy and undernourishment which shows the correspondence between the rates of illiteracy and undernourishment so these would be the stakeholders or the actors of which would have an interest in promoting STG or as it relates to food security I was focusing on primarily the student being the focus of everything and as you look on the focus of the student you’ll then see that the most important factor would be the state and local government farmers Co-op faith based organizations such as churches community leaders international organizations such as Sao UN group private sector businesses civil society NGOs such as rise against hunger and NGOs as it pertains to food security water So what are the stakeholders who needs as I was researching I found that the stakeholder needs are most critically focus on gaining Technical Support for effective implementation of the SDG that would include data and statistics technical expertise making use of science science and technology and strengthening institutional capacities high quality engagement strategies that will basically be aimed at involvement and contribution mobilization of financial resources increasing the public understanding and encouraging the active participation of citizens equitable access to needed resources capacity building exercises I training that was stringent knowledge for effective participation and then inclusive in the includes the inclusion of vulnerable groups and also follow up different stakeholders so as it relates to engagement strategies I have also clear focusing on the notion of two hungry to learn So what do we do to prevent that so I what I found was the development of programs such as garden based learnings and homegrown school feedings which and creating self sufficiency in school settings as the students will basically grow their own foods on site on the development of community gardens and food deserts which are basically locations where they’re up there the radius of which in nearest grocery store is is breed other establishment of Utah education rural education programs which educate persons to gain entrepreneurs skills agricultural practice best case and agricultural practices development of school feeding programs which enhance food ability and access to schools as children development of each one teach one partnerships with stakeholders I ever cultural ministries departments with farmers and young students and teach best practices for agriculture and rural development projects on public dialogue forums which are developed to teaching intrusion knowledge health sanitary eating practices and life skills and then promotion of cultural awareness and further awareness of governmental programs that are already in existence only a major public health issue that affects approximately 720 to 811 million people worldwide that equates to 10.5% of US households in 2020 the gap has basically widened since the onset of COVID-19 if anything from what you could get from our presentation to SGGS are deeply connected and the option of progress for one will impede the progress of sustainable development of all reduction of poverty and equal access of education are essential to combat food security and in order to promote food security we must use a multi sectoral approach with nongovernmental government nonprofit healthcare research and find effective ways to fix this issue thank you
Group E: International decision maker: Water conflicts – transboundary issues
Our status given to us was international decision maker and our topic was water complex to spits specifically on transboundary issues in our group is ……, …… and myself so transboundary water is basically any It’s like playing river or aquifer that is shared between two or more countries on transboundary water accounts for 60% of the world’s freshwater flows and 153 countries have territory within at least one of the 200 and 686 transboundary river and lake basins and 592 transboundary water awkward or transboundary aquifer systems so 153 countries all at least have one transboundary water source you know which which requires a lot of cohesiveness and collaboration between countries so under St G6 we which is to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all we all felt that transboundary water issues fall heavily under the sustainable management of water and sanitation also availability but especially the sustainable management so Amy is gonna work on 6.1 on target 6.1 which is to achieve universal and equitable access to drinking water and then Alex is gonna work on target 6.3 which is to improve water quality by reducing pollution eliminating dumping and minimizing release of chemicals also cutting in half the proportion of untreated wastewater and increasing recycling and safer use I’m working on target 6.5 which is to implement water resource management integrated water resource management at all levels through and also through transboundary cooperation if needed which it is John is gonna work on target has worked on target six point a which is to expand international cooperation and capacity building support to developing countries in water and sanitation related activities

#1 presenter: Target 6.3 Improve Water Quality, Wastewater and safe reuse
Hello everyone my name is ……. I will be focusing At 6.3 how did 6.3 mean focus is to improve our quality pollution and other needed legal something reducing the amount of untreated water and increasing recycling and safer using of water across the globe four water quality is not only in public health but it also contributes food scarcities I can negatively disturb our closest transponder issues of water complex inside countries almost across the world especially in developed nations which lacks the basic necessities to properly manage and monitor water resources quality is directly linked to the industrial residential and agricultural sectors if their polluting our water resources but hazardous chemicals and substances that contaminate our environment if water goes untreated this can increase chances of spreading disease and decreases opportunities search party 6.3 is broken down into two indicators so I will first be talking about indicator 6.31 which measures the amount of safely treated domestic water domestic water is wastewater from both households and other services water should be treated through sanitation facilities such as sewage treatment centers and wastewater facilities there’s a national standard for sanitation treatment that needs to be met in order for this target to be achieved R2 that measures the amount of wastewater contributed from the industrial sector specifically there’s discharge permits that are obtained to ensure that everyone is held accountable although data is still last for this indicator because the industrial sector closely monitors their wastewater and some parts of the world I created this graph to show some Madden inequities in the lack of safe treatment of water across the globe just grab from the World Health Organization and the United nations children global database shows the level of domestic water being safely traded from only 79 countries but it is mainly from hot in middle income countries and excludes most parts of Africa and Asia just due to the lack of industrial wastewater in those parts of the world this graph percent of domestic wastewater flow is collected and sewers 9% is collected by septic tanks and our meeting 20% is not collected at all so it should means to be taken 6.32 measures the amount of good quality fresh water and the effects that humans can have on this good if your water is the water that flows in or whatever flakes in the aquifers that does not cause harm to human ecosystem borders next people in our ecosystem at all levels so in order to reach this data with something they must have a costume store we rely on clean safe water for drinking food preparation irrigation recreation and so much more and that’s exactly why we must ensure that there is absolutely clean and safe water resources of the world can you show the very little program in the global environment monitoring program for freshwater but that means stakeholders have all business indicator organizations monitor and generate water quality data as sharing reports maps data so we can decide what bodies of water that we can use for all purposes such as farming or recreational use the physical and chemical aspects of water assets during this process the monetary split up into two levels level one is monitoring that addresses activities that pressure on state border on a global scale and level 2 just expands on this data and includes information that is a concern of the national level such as solution and our cultural as mentioned by Ross and colleagues water complex and transboundary issues disproportionately affect larger groups due to unfair competition over water resources the United nations mentions how a country such as South Asia Indian Africa Ave shares affecting about 1/3 of all of the rivers in these regions climate change and plastic glue set also contribute to water scarcity in these regions as well so some of the recommendations you try and achieve this specific target with the legislation that focuses on environmental justice and ensuring that social and economic factors did not play a role and so gets access to clean and safe water everyone deserves access to usable water so after their gender status or political participation increase monitoring of all water systems and natural resources need to take place on both the Whirlpool and international levels measured wastewater and increasing treatment can also help towards achieving less goal lack of monitoring and there’s an issue across the globe but if we create forms where countries can achieve this can receive data that could help overcome this challenge and last education or pollution is another way to address the management of voice water and water quality on all levels people do not know the negative effects of issues like plastic closure climate change how people know how to address the issue on their own my references for the presentation next we will be talking about indicator 6.5 thank you

#3: GDG 6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
my name is …. I am and this is the second segment and we are water efficiency on an international outlook my name is ….. and this is our position for graffiti I am working on call 6 which is insert ensuring availability and sustainability management of water and sanitation for all I’m specifically focusing on target 6.1 which is achieving universal and claudell McDonald’s ability expenses to save and affordable drinking water for all an indicator that specifically fasting on a six point 1.1 which is proportion of population using safely block managed and water services so you may be wondering why this is so important that this is a goal of having clean water clean water is crucial for a lot of things like survive upper health food security and livelihoods for families across the world every year millions of people mostly children unfortunately dying from diseases due to adequate water supply imitation and hygiene just because there’s not clean water if estimated in 2050 that more than half of the world population will be living in water stressed regions and that’s including in first world countries and then another nearly thousand children died due to preventable water and sanitation related to diarrhea diseases so these are small things that we can help and slave safe so this is just a little graph picture you can see this is something you can get in and you can actually see a timelapse of and you’ll see that in my references at the end of the slide show but on the one side it’s showing 2020 of how much water popular or how much population of water that has like drinking as you see some areas widen out like North America like that would have clean water they were not putting in data but you can see by 2020 some of the areas that were later on the first side is now getting darker so we are progressing to this clean safe drinking water for everyone So what is the global progress on this goal only not 138 countries have data and they continuously put in data in 2015 this 70% baseline and the 2020 is a 74 based on percentage increase and shaving this and six point 1 by 2030 will require 4th vault increase in the current rate of progress no go like no one in this goal region is on track and it’s about over almost 8 million people still lack even basic drinking water services among the other views eight out of 10 live in rural areas in nearly live half half live list developed countries since 2015 the number of people without safe safely managed drinking water or some Sarah Africa has increased from 703 to 766 million people so we are seeing an increase but it’s not as quickly as we should be seeing it to reach this goal by 2030 and this line you can see it’s stakeholders that start locally to national and then to global stakeholders and you can see how they’re broken out but you can see that these local ministries are ones that are gonna lead to your nation and your global stakeholders like the local ministries like warm against stronger actually have water system which I’ll talk later about in this presentation but they are ones that help lead to national stakeholders and then with those stakeholders like the subnational government they leave it to the international student government so let’s aleutians Teresa goal and hopefully maybe increase it so we can actually reach the goal by 23rd we can expand international corporations and in tacitean buildings on water sanitation activities and programs again supporting local communities improving water and sanitation management the action gives hunger has a wash program so this one specifically only deals with during emergencies but again it’s small we can start working on it and then they can increase you know to help reaching this on 2020 2030 and then continuing conferences and meeting collaboration with the United nations so all the stakeholders that we saw in the previous slide can meet in these lab oraciones and meetings and conferences and you know unfortunately coby we’re able to do virtual safe even allow more access to people to be around these meetings and interact with these people it’s better and easier summer solutions these are just from 2019 and to current now 2020 specifically the queue in the UN and I fear America like support for this specific goal of lean water it is breaking down into the article acting or reporting which is very important just to make sure see where we’re off on track and then if again if you go to my references you’ll be able to see a chart that shows exactly what specific areas and what nations are struggling with this and then there’s online support again this has been come such a big increase in COVID with help Dustin video conferencing on webinars trainings and stuff you can see online instead of having work off and new meetings and stuff you been able to go see and be able help and then there’s different face to face support and just working on your government system working with them working with technical consultants or offices ministries and updating their estimate and then supporting the national stakeholders again like the last services and then countries with visiting countries to provide those Technical Support and then also working in those readers more workshops in this international again it becomes a whole lot easier to come see those international and regional meetings and workshops because most of them are still virtual and probably aren’t gonna save earth this plot in the next slide I just kinda wanna show you how certain countries are working towards this goal and how they’re handling on reaching this goal by 2030 this is just a really nice simple graph explaining how that Australia is gonna achieve this goal it has a left step questions addressed and the description of method and then the output of each step they’re doing that’s a really cool graph I can leave it on for a few seconds you guys can look over it again it’s gonna get my reference you can look back at this move little bit more of how they’re doing it and how you can help them move left gonna talk about how Indians how much as you can see on the beginning of this fall started in like 1980 two 1983 they were really struggling with only 68% of households and having blue water since then it’s the racing down last was seeing was in 2015 2016 and that’s improved to 89% almost 90% of the population has planes stainable drinking water because of grow household there’s soap proving sanitation facilities those are not the greatest things you can read on this slide so the sanitation for clean water still struggle so we’re seeing increase but they’re still struggling in having to work and you can see in their high highs are linked hyperlinked to some of the programs that they are working with to have a sustainable clean water in their area lastly if you have any questions please reach out to me come on the discussion board if there’s a way to email me I really enjoyed researching about this and learning about drinking water around internationally instead of just sitting here in state so I was able to find a different resources to different countries if we’re looking specifically for that again just reach out if you have any questions this is my reference line there was something specific just fine you’ll see intact reference in my slide so you can represent back to the reference slide to find out more information use of hyperlinks to really look into that information if you desire to learn a little bit more about the situation in the specific goal and target again I just wanna thank you guys for sending through our presentation and listening to it and I hope you guys have a great night

SDG 6.5.2 Group: International decision maker: Water conflicts – transboundary issues
I am in Group and we were given the status of international decision maker and on topic was water complex or transboundary issues specifically transboundary issues so for that SVG goal or that Could you go not read you know that our topic fell under we picked 6 which is to ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all very general very broad and then of course our target like the goals are broken down into targets and once we reach all those targets then we reach the goal so the target that I’ve picked to work under was target 6.5 which is to hopefully by 2030 implement water resource management at all levels including through transboundary cooperation so specifies transboundary corporation cooperation and you know the goal is to get countries working together that have water sources Thruway running through you know other countries as well to get that that conversation and those those agreements happening indicators 6.526 point 5.2 you know specifically addresses the extent which like the amount of area that’s being covered by operational agreements so the amount of transboundary water basins that are covered by some sort of agreement between countries whatever countries are involved and transboundary basins are basically just rivers lakes and also for systems that are shared between two or more countries so any water that’s flowing pretty much between countries that you know arrangements are considered operational when there is work happening so basically there’s a joint body there’s meetings between countries they’re coming together they’re discussing there figuring things out information is being exchanged data is being exchanged at least once a year so once that happens you’re meeting that indicator or you know you’re you’re you have an operational agreement happening some current operational agreements we have the Nikon lacking BNT end declaration which is between Cambodia China Laos Myanmar Thailand and Vietnam and then there’s also like the 2019 agreement between Mozambique and Zimbabwe over the lousy watercourse which Mozambican Zimbabwe you know with transboundary waters there’s a lot happening there’s a lot going on there’s a lot of moving parts that you know are involved and need to be cohesive in order to to really create a beneficial and positive operational agreement so some you know knowledge and finance is always number one and pretty much anything being able to understand the problem what needs to be done with you know what would help solve the issue or issues that may arise in the future and also financing making sure there’s enough funding that we can reach ever do everything we need to do or you know expect things from certain countries you know without putting an uncertain financial burden on some versus others some difficulties that were named in like the countries that are trying to participate or trying to get their agreements operational you know data information comparability being able to actually compare the different data sets of making sure that they line up or that their relatives inadequate resources so again like funding limited spatial coverage you know the inability to actually get around and make sure that all the water that area of that like water basin is taken care of frequency of exchanges the amount of times the countries are discussing talking sharing data meeting on and also the timing of exchanges and again there’s a lot of countries that need to work together there’s a lot of moving parts agencies organizations that are involved and it’s not always easy get everybody on the same page understandably so so one of the you know he is really accelerating the cooperation making sure we reach that goal making sure we get as many agreements as possible some are addressing data gaps making sure that countries custodian agencies and partners are improving not only the quality but also the coverage of data making sure that that the data is really comprehensive and gonna help reach the bowler at least help get to a place of understanding what to happen or what needs to change in order to reach the goal they also have upscale capacity development which is to you know bring the the development up bring it higher bring it through a status of you know making sure that that we’re facilitating these countries in and being able to do what we’re asking them to do making sure that you know they have the ability to protect their waters make that have the conversations with other countries be involved in these agreements and then build upon further shrink build upon further strengthen legal frameworks so we know the law is obviously wanted the biggest motivators making sure that there are laws on the books of these countries have to be participating have to be doing the right thing to avoid you know concerns over political issues or you know territory problems if there are laws on the books you have to follow the laws that can help to go along way with forcing countries to not only forcing governments to provide the funding needed but also you know forcing countries to take that extra step to make sure that they’re getting involved in this conversation and making the the work happen mobilizing political will so I mentioned politics a little bit and just kind of this idea that like we need to get the public involved and understand and and you know the public will forward for like clean water better water systems water management that’s really what drives politics with the public willing to deal with or put up with or with we’re gonna demand and including things like knowledge and education and stuff like that can really help to mobilize political well and kind of force politicians or kind of force a change in the trajectory of like the political will of the public mainstream transboundary cooperation international integrated water resource management so basically it’s just like including the idea of transboundary cooperation into whatever the country’s water resource management you know is a part of because not only are these countries haven’t worked with each other but they also have to work on the water source themselves within their country so if we’re including you know kind of trying to make countries not only take care of their modern also work to take care of the water that flows somewhere else so the water that comes from somewhere from somewhere else that flows into their areas or however maybe just making sure that that the transboundary part is incorporated in countries in like the the national government level conversations on water dancing obviously we talked about that and making sure that there’s proper funding that there’s agencies that can be taken advantage of or you know in in a positive light but that they’re they’re our funding sources out there that can help I can provide some much needed funding for countries that may not be able to reach their goal based on funding and then leveraging and mobilizing expertise and that’s kind of just making sure that we’re getting the best information we are you know using the best information to create this idea you know to create bring this this indicator or kind of push this idea so that we can reach the indicator which will then reach the target which hopefully with all other targets will then reach the goal so yeah I mean just basically the understanding of working with with countries together to create safe water and and positive water management,
Group E: Target 6A- 6A1 International decision maker: Water conflicts – transboundary issues
Hello everyone I’m ….. and welcome to my individual presentation Our group topic is water conflict and transboundary issues hardware stainable management of water management target target by 2030 band international cooperation and compassion support developing countries water and sanitation related activities and programs moving water heart Watergate wastewater treatment recycling one which is the amount of water and sanitation related to official development next part of government spending plan the 9.3 billion global mount of water and sanitation related official development I got it countries that are currently contributing towards this black ironic that so we don’t have a date of birth I number countries here that you can see that our intervene obviously pretty serious issue that they wanna concentrate on and as we can see by the data over the last 20 years there has been a pretty steady increase in the amount of funding that countries are dedicated towards clean water next now why is it so important because 96 percent of the water on earth is sailing result water which is unsuitable for human consumption computer find transport water by seawater or brackish water concentration stainable stories for populations out add freshwater resources and we also have the ability to transport large quantities of water driving business agricultural or filing for consumption when we combine this with available to all obstacle that we feel with just the government you can see there are a bunch of NGOs that are out there helping increase water access your vacation and conservation examples include as docking about more cherry water global water challenge global water meters the international water management institute The Nature Conservancy in the Stockholm international water institute Red Cross there are many more houses clean water they’re also not there for profit that are involved private property cold company water next week again these are just some of the main leaders there are many more out there now what is it that needed to help us reach this target increase access for humanitarian aid across conflicted boundary area so where water tested on for example between the US and Canada the Great Lakes there there’s always been everybody had the right cooperation from the individual state government to support developing and furthering technology purify water we dedicated yearly funding to be used not only for the individual nation states but to the available towards global efforts we need increase support from either governmental organizations such as the UN to ensure safe drinking increase educated now start revolving countries in areas of clean water water conservation and pollution prevention but All in all for my specific target it’s actually pretty pretty safe to say that we’re gonna hit the these tended goals for 2030 I mean what’s gonna happen but the current indicators are out there that long as countries continue to work and contribute that they believe that the goal is complete by 2050 thank you.


Some Helpful Resources

Elmore, R. F. (1979–1980). Backward mapping: Implementation research and policy decisions. Political Science Quarterly (The Academy of Political Science), 94(4), 601–616.

Hoppe, R. (2017). Heuristics for practitioners of policy design: Rules-of-thumb for structuring unstructured problems. Public Policy and Administration, 1–25.

(Previously read in Week 6)

Required Media (click to expand/reduce)

Hubert Project. (2014, August 13). Backward mapping [Video]. YouTube.

Get Cheap Assignment Writing Service from StudyAcer

Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Quality Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.


Qualified Writers

We have hired a team of professional writers experienced in academic and business writing. Most of them are native speakers and PhD holders able to take care of any assignment you need help with.


Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account.


Prompt Delivery

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. We will always strive to deliver on time.


Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text.


24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done


Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.


Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.


Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Academic Writing Services

If you are looking for exceptional academic writing services, then you are in the right place. Studyacer offers customised academic assignments and academic papers for students at all levels.

StudyAcer StudyAcer


Essay Writing Help

Writing an essay can be a challenge. However, we know what every student needs. And we purpose to deliver. Here at StudyAcer, we do all we can to help with academic essays and assignments. We have a dedicated team of professional essay writers.

StudyAcer StudyAcer


Assignment Help

We understand students need satisfactory results. Our cheap assignment writing service helps and never leaves any doubt. We always strive to ensure the ultimate and best results. It is our joy to offer a cheap reliable essay writing service.

StudyAcer StudyAcer

Term paper

Term Paper Help

Have you been asking yourself, where can get a pre written research papers for sale? Worry no more, the fact that you have a term paper that is due tonight and you haven’t touched it. At Study Acer it is our responsibility to get your paper on time.

StudyAcer StudyAcer


Dissertation Writing Service

Several master’s students seek professional help with their thesis.Students from different parts of the world experience different challenges. Dissertations have different stages and the challenges are different too. Do not struggle in silence, order now .